Stem cell treatment

Regenerative injections are a simple process performed in our outpatient clinic. We provide a comprehensive regenerative medicine package that includes top of the line regenerative products, ultrasound-guided injections, exams and re-exams, laser therapy, rehabilitative exercise, and dietary coaching to ensure our patients get the absolute best results from their procedure at a low price.

What is Platelet Rich Plasma therapy?

For decades, high level athletes have used PRP therapy to avoid surgery and benefit from shortened injury recovery times. By enhancing the body's natural healing capacity, PRP therapy has been shown to lead to a more rapid, efficient and more thorough healing and stabilization of tissues, bringing them back to a healthy state.

Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) therapy is a minimally invasive, non-surgical treatment that relieves pain by promoting long-lasting healing of musculoskeletal conditions using your body's own growth factors. The body’s natural response to an injury is to send platelets from the blood to the damaged tissues, which initiates the natural healing process. Platelets store a vast array of growth factors, which are released at the site of injury. Through a process called cell signaling, the platelets call for other healing factors to be drawn into the site of injury. PRP acts in much the same way, but with an extremely high dose of platelets specifically injected into the target area. This treatment enhances the body’s healing response to acute, chronic, or inflammatory diseases.

What is PRP?
PRP consists of a concentrated solution of platelets, growth factors, signaling molecules and other plasma proteins that play vital roles in orchestrating tissue healing and joint stabilization. To yield a therapeutic benefit, a dose of over 1 billion platelets per mL is required. The PRP used at Montana Laser and Medical Center contains a highly significant, industry-leading 7 to 10 fold increase in platelet concentration compared to whole blood. This concentration far exceeds the minimum requirement of 1 billion platelets per mL. 

How is PRP Treatment performed?
After identifying the tailored PRP solution needed to treat your pain, blood is drawn from your arm and run through a centrifuge which separates the blood into its components. Plasma, which contains the beneficial platelets, is collected and further centrifuged, concentrating these vital platelets and healing molecules even further. The final, personalized PRP solution is then injected into the affected area (joint space or soft tissue such as tendons or ligaments). Ultrasound guidance is frequently used to ensure precise delivery of PRP in a procedure that takes about an hour.

What can I expect during the procedure?
PRP treatments are delivered in an outpatient setting and typically take between 30 minutes to 90 minutes, from pre-procedural prep all the way through to putting a band aid on the injection site. A tailored PRP formulation is prepared depending on your specific condition. A routine blood draw is performed, and anywhere between 30mL to 120mL of blood is taken depending on what is needed to make the best PRP preparation according to your needs. The blood is then carefully separated into its various components using centrifugation and is then re-centrifuged in order to concentrate the desired cells into a usable treatment. This is then mixed with a small amount of the blood’s plasma to create Platelet Rich Plasma. The PRP is then ready to be injected.

Is there any downtime after a PRP procedure?
Many patients resume their activities immediately following the procedure, but some joint injection procedures may require a few days of rest. Some patients experience a mild flare-up of symptoms following a PRP injection. This will resolve in a day or two. Your provider will discuss specific limitations and rehab protocols with you during your personalized consultation. Our clinical team will walk you through each step of your procedure, providing you with information and guidance to maximize your recovery.

Do you perform guided injections?
Our providers will often administer PRP under non-ionizing ultrasound guidance.

What are my post-procedural expectations?

Immediately after the procedure, it is recommended that you not soak your body in water for 24 hours (ie. baths, hot tubs) to mitigate risk of infection at the injection site. Showering is fine. It is also recommended that you abstain from anything that will inhibit the natural inflammatory response triggered by the PRP treatment (ie, ibuprofen and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)).


Our medical providers may recommend Tylenol for pain relief. Ice is not recommended as it causes vasoconstriction. That said, heat is acceptable for pain relief.

Many patients report an increase in pain and some swelling immediately following the injection, lasting up to several days. This is normal and results from the body’s natural inflammatory response flooding the region with healing factors. Please notify your physician if this increased pain does not resolve itself within three days, or if you notice a lot of heat, redness, or swelling at the injection site. At about 2 weeks post-procedure, most patients will begin to experience some relief from pre-injection pain levels. The greatest benefit is typically reported at 4-6 weeks post-injection and can continue improving up to 6-9 months after.

To maximize recovery, we strongly suggest that you adhere to the guidelines recommended by your treating physician. This may include short-term non-weight-bearing protocols, reduced activity, formal physical therapy, and at-home exercises.

How many injections do I need?
This may be a complex question. Your treatment plan will be custom-built specifically for you, based upon your individual condition, your overall health, the severity of the injury/degeneration, and how long it has been going on. We often add other procedures to improve your success rate. With many soft tissue conditions, one to three treatments with PRP and a series of laser therapy is sufficient.

Some joint conditions may need a series of 2 or more PRP injections along with laser therapy, soft tissue mobilization, chiropractic, hyaluronic acid injections, and/or rehab exercise for maximum results. Many patients can begin returning to desired activities within 6-8 weeks of rehabilitation and at-home exercises.

Are the results permanent?

Healing that occurs from PRP therapy is usually long-term. However, if the etiology of the injury is not addressed (such as flat feet leading to knee or hip pain), then repeated wear and tear will continue to degrade the joints and/or tendons. For this reason, a comprehensive approach which includes PRP therapy, structured physical therapy, and other adjunctive therapies are recommended.

Are there any pre-procedural guidelines?
Pre-procedural restrictions are necessary to ensure a good quality of PRP with high platelet integrity. Please let your provider know what medications and supplements you are currently taking so that they may advise you appropriately.


We often ask patients to adhere to the following guidelines: Stop NSAIDs 1 week pre-procedure (2 weeks is most optimal) Ideally, stop any blood thinners 3-5 days pre-procedure. Consult with your prescribing provider to ensure that this can be done safely.

 

Stop any anti-inflammatory supplements 1 week prior to procedure (eg. Vitamin E, turmeric, curcumin, fish oil, ginseng, gingko, ginger, garlic extract, etc.)


Increase your water intake to half your body weight in ounces of water.

 

Arrive early to your appointment and make sure that you are well-hydrated.

When can I expect pain relief?
Some patients experience pain relief shortly after their PRP procedure. It is typical for the effects to take 4 to 6 weeks to be fully experienced. Ongoing improvement from that point is also very typical. Your PRP results will vary depending on a number of factors. Our team will develop an optimized treatment and care plan specifically for your needs, ensuring the best possible outcome.

What are the benefits of PRP?

  • Minimally invasive, non-surgical procedure

  • Enhanced healing with your own natural healing factors

  • Extremely low incidence of side effects

  • Minimal down time – Ability to carry on with your usual routine post-injection

 

Numerous clinical studies have confirmed that PRP provides significant healing and long-lasting reduction in pain for a variety of injuries. Several recent studies and reviews have demonstrated PRP to be more effective than corticosteroids or hyaluronic acid, the current, standard treatments for knee osteoarthritis.

A study in the American Journal of Sports Medicine revealed that patients with elbow tendinosis receiving PRP reported a 46% reduction in pain by week four, and an 81% reduction in pain after six months. At the study’s conclusion, 93% of patients were completely satisfied with their PRP treatment and had avoided surgery. 

MRI imaging across numerous studies has also confirmed significant improvements in pain relief. Studies show that over 70% of patients receiving PRP for Knee Osteoarthritis have delayed further progression of the disease and prevented further knee degeneration. [6] PRP may in some cases eliminate the need for more aggressive treatments such as long term medication or surgery.

What body parts and conditions can be treated with PRP?

Knee

  • Osteoarthritis

  • Patellar tendinosis

 

Shoulder

  • Osteoarthritis 

  • Ligament sprains and tears 

  • Tendonitis and tendinosis 

  • Acromioclavicular joint dysfunction and pain 

 

Foot & Ankle

  • Osteoarthritis 

  • Achilles tendonitis and tendinosis 

  • Plantar fasciitis 

  • Ligament sprains and tears
     

Elbow, Hand & Wrist

  • Osteoarthritis 

  • Epicondylitis (tennis and golfer’s elbow) 

  • Tendonitis and tendinosis 

 

Spine / Back

  • Degenerative Disc Disease

  • Facet joint osteoarthritis 

  • Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction 

 

Hip

  • Osteoarthritis

  • Acute Hamstring Injuries

  • Proximal Hamstring Tendinopathy

  • Labral tear 

  • Trochanteric bursitis 

 

Is all PRP the same?

The characteristics of the composition of PRP are critical to final outcomes. The red and white blood cell counts, platelet yield, and the ability to concentrate the product efficiently vary dramatically. Variances in these categories will result in altered healing and efficacy. We offer the highest standard of Platelet Rich Plasma available today. As a clinic, we use only the most advanced and scientifically proven equipment which includes:

  • A therapeutic dose of over 1 billion platelets per mL of PRP

  • A high dose of growth factors released at the site of injury 

  • A high platelet yield which recovers over 80% of the platelets present in your blood

  • The purest form of PRP available, removing red blood cells and neutrophils prior to injecting, thereby reducing inflammation and a host of negative effects. 

 

Who should consider PRP?
PRP is ideal for patients who have not found an appropriate level of success in more conservative or traditional treatments, such as steroid injections, physical therapy, or bracing. PRP may also be an effective option for candidates that wish to attempt to delay or avoid a surgery.

Are there side effects?

Unlike cortisone or other injectable medications, PRP is a natural substance derived from your body, limiting adverse reactions. As with any injection, there is a small risk of infection, bleeding and damage to local structures. To limit this, your provider will cleanse the area of injection
and follow universal precautions.

Does the procedure hurt?
PRP injections are usually well-tolerated with a local anesthetic injection of lidocaine. In cases where there is increased anxiety associated with pain, options like topical numbing and cryotherapy are available.

How well does the procedure work?
There have been numerous clinical studies that show significant and lasting reduction in pain for a variety of injuries. Common injuries include early to advanced arthritis, knee, and shoulder pain. Multiple clinical studies have shown that when used in conjunction with lifestyle changes and strengthening therapies, the results are positive. 

Will my body reject the PRP?

No, the PRP comes from your own body and is used immediately. Therefore, there is no risk of rejection and very low risk of infection (the same risk as any other injection). In addition, the aspiration is done under sterile conditions to mitigate any contamination with pathogens and the injection is completed using aseptic technique.

Can PRP therapy delay a knee replacement?
PRP can be highly effective in substantially reducing pain in patients with even advanced arthritis. Often, patients are able to delay total knee replacement for years with PRP therapy.

Can PRP help optimize my results from a surgical procedure?
This depends on what type of procedure is done. Microfracture surgery is sometimes done to restore the cartilage surface in your knee. If your doctor performs this procedure on you, there are numerous scientific articles that show far more robust pain relief when augmented with PRP.

How much does a PRP treatment cost?
The cost of a PRP treatment varies based on the procedure performed. Our clinical experts will go over all the options available to you. Our office staff can assist you with payment options and answer any additional questions you may have.

Does my insurance cover PRP therapy?
Although PRP in musculoskeletal applications is well supported by clinical evidence, the broader use of PRP therapy in treating pain is still considered relatively new at this time. Because of this, PRP is not covered by commercial insurance companies or Medicare, and is provided as a self-pay procedure.

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